The authors took the European Commission 2000 White Paper on Environmental Liability as the occasion for a critical analysis of the efficiency and insurability of various envirnmental liablity regimes.
Traditional insurance is examined, but also alternative arrangements for financial security, such as compensation funds. In addition, various case studies present the availability of financial or insurance coverage for natural resource damage. Combining economic insights with an analysis of the practice in various countries like Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain and the USA empirical evidence is provided for the way in which insurance and financial markets respond to environmental liability regulations. This ist the first study discussing the criteria for insurability of environmental harm in a systematic manner, both from a legal and an economic/insurance perspective.